Bipolar disorder is characterized as a mood
disorder in which a person moves between
phases of manic and depressive episodes.
Neuroplasticity refers to the brain’s ability to rewire its connections through the natural process of building new neurons in place of injured or damaged neurons. This advanced knowledge has brought tremendous developments in the field of medicine and psychiatry. In Bipolar disorder for some specific duration, he feels high and after that goes into low phase. This manic-depressive disorder is supposed to have a strong genetic connection. It has been found that if a person has any blood relative with this disorder such as parents or siblings then there are greater chances for him to develop this disorder. Using genetic and neurological connections of bipolar disorder, research in Mount Sinai has opened new avenues. Psychiatrist of Icahn School of Medicine conducted a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) study in which they compared three groups i.e. 1. Having bipolar disorder, 2. Siblings of Patient without the disorder, and 3. Controlled healthy individuals. While these groups were performing emotional and non-emotional tasks relevant to the disorder, their brains were scanned. The results indicated that although both groups i.e. patient and their siblings had similar kind of defects in their brain areas, but their healthy siblings were equipped with extra neural-wirings in those areas.
These findings showed that how neural connections and wirings play a role in developing a bipolar illness. This significant information about additional wiringsin brain connectivity which serves as a protective factor against bipolar disorder has developed new hopes for upcoming discoveries in the treatment of this disorder.
Source: Scientific blogging