Experiencing fear in situations that jeopardize our safety is very much normal and natural. The problem starts when this fear is exaggerated and blown out of proportion and turns into a Phobia. A phobia is an extreme and persistent fear of an animal, object, or any particular environment that interrupts a person’s daily functioning. It is natural and normal to be afraid of a ferocious dog, but abnormal to be scared of a small puppy or an innocent bird. A phobic person does his utmost to avoid all such situations or objects of which he/she is afraid.

Genetic components or certain childhood experiences of a person could cause a phobia. It is accompanied by sheer anxiety and uneasiness. A person becomes completely absorbed in thinking about the worse possible outcomes of being in the situation of which he’s fearful. This obsessive and compulsive worrying disrupts a person’s normal functioning.

Structure of habit

There is a long list of phobias. Some of them are:

Apart from the above-mentioned, there are many more. The physical symptoms accompanying phobia include shortness of breath, dizziness, rapid heartbeat, sweating, shakiness, nausea, etc. One should timely seek professional help in order to get his/her phobia diagnosed and treated.

In 75% phobic cases, Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) helps in regards to specific phobias. Systematic Desensitization is helpful, in which a phobic person is slowly and gradually exposed to the fearful situation, object, or animal. Repeated exposure and interaction help the phobic person to overcome his major fear. The idea is to inculcate a sense of control over that situation, object, or animal. A time comes when a person reacts normally in the presence of that fearful stimulus.

 

relapse management

Hypnotherapy also helps in overcoming phobias in which a certified hypnotherapist conducts certain therapeutic methods. Apart from these, relaxation techniques including deep breathing, muscle relaxation, positive self-talk and imagination, and mindfulness are imparted to the phobic person. At times, medication can also be prescribed along with these techniques. The right treatment allows a person to live a happy and functional life.