A significant piece of everybody’s self-concept is a feeling of how we contrast with others in our behaviors and practices. A typical perception is that numerous individuals are excessively hopeful or optimistic in their judgments about themselves with respect to others. For instance, by and large, individuals think they will probably be fruitful in business than others, or be less inclined to experience the ill effects of genuine illnesses than others. Not every person can be more effective in business than others, obviously, so some individuals in that example must be overly optimistic.
Mr. Abraham is working as a Clinical Psychologist at Willing Ways Lahore. He completed his degree in Psychology and Christian Studies from Forman Christian College (A Chartered University) in the year 2017. He has experience of various places and communities as he is originally from Quetta. From a young age, he started to study and work in Lahore which gives him an edge that helps him understand different mindsets.
Editor: Sabtain Mustafa
Excessive optimism is also known as a cognitive bias that makes an individual believe that he or she is at a lower risk of going through a negative experience as compared to others. They expect the most favorable outcome for themselves. It may even cause other false beliefs to complement and compensate the primary belief. Harsh realities are ignored and the individual gets into the state of blinding optimism which can be toxic lead to severe issues.
It is almost like self-deception where even if they are presented with logical reasons to understand the seriousness of their situation they tend to ignore it. They do not want to see the negative consequences of their thoughts and their behaviors. They do not want people to be honest with them about their condition because of the undying existence of denial. In simpler words, this happens when we let emotions take control of ourselves. This impacts our rationality and therefore, we make wrong choices and make bad decisions.
Excessive optimism can make one deterministic where they think only about the positives in a situation. This can clearly make them walk in the wrong direction as they do not analyze things and ignore anything that they think is not in their favor. Another mistake that they do is that they do not have a plan B. They are so certain about their original plan that they do not even think about a second plan because they don’t see a possibility of losing. Hence, these unreal expectations do not let them scrutinize in the way that they should be.
Behavioral Consequences of This Optimism
It is expected that being excessively hopeful and optimistic can have a wide range of impacts on behavior contingent upon the sort of conduct. In this post, I need to center around the impact of optimism on drinking. Amanda Dillard, Amanda Midboe, and William Klein detailed an intriguing study in the November 2009 issue of Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin in which they took after a gathering of undergrads for one and a half years.
Understudies were gotten some information about whether they thought they were pretty much prone to be in danger of drinking issues than their associates. They additionally got some information about various issues regarding drinking practices they may have encountered amid that semester (counting becoming ill, passing out, and missing class). They also got some information about the sum they regularly drank. In three follow-up surveys given at regular intervals, extra inquiries were made about their drinking conduct.
The principal question is whether there were individuals who were unreasonably and unrealistically optimistic? The response to that inquiry was obviously yes. There was a gathering of individuals who felt that they were generally safe for drinking issues, yet those individuals drank more than their associates. These individuals were unreasonably hopeful. Not every person was unreasonably idealistic. There was another gathering of pragmatists who either did not drink much or effectively felt that they were generally safe for drinking issues or drank generously, however, trusted they were in danger of drinking issues.
The study at that point contrasted the pragmatists with the improbable optimistic people. The unrealistically optimistic people will probably encounter pessimistic occasions because of drinking than the pragmatists in the majority of the subsequent periods. A half-year after their underlying evaluation, the farfetched optimists experienced 20% more negative scenes than the pragmatists, and by the next year, they were encountering 54% more negative scenes.
There are numerous reasons why the doubtful optimistic people encountered such a large number of more liquor issues than their associates who are practical about their drinking. For instance, the unlikely confident people may give careful consideration to the outcomes of their drinking than the pragmatists keeping in mind the end goal to keep up their self-idea that they are not excessive alcohol consumers. Furthermore, the improbable optimistic people may not be tantamount to the realists at perceiving the potential perils of drinking.
Things being what they are, if doubtful positive thinking can prompt awful practices and terrible outcomes, why are a few people unreasonably hopeful? One reason is that this confidence may improve individuals’ feel in the short run. Those individuals who are unreasonably hopeful are not prone to be stressed that their drinking conduct represents a long-haul issue, thus they will encounter little tension about their drinking. Individuals who are reasonable about drinking may have more nervousness about drinking.
At last, however, at any rate for practices that can have negative outcomes like smoking, hazardous sex, or intemperate drinking, it is presumably best to be reasonable about the risks of these practices. Realism helps us see things the way they are, with their pros and cons. Hence, the solution is to become a realistic optimist who is hopeful for the best but they are cautious and hence try to achieve things healthily.