Bipolar is a serious mental illness that can cause significant psychological and physical problems if left untreated. It is believed that bipolar is characterized by having highs and lows in mood. People with bipolar disorder experience extreme changes of mood that cycle between the two states , mania and depression.
Types of Bipolar:
a) Bipolar I in which a person experiences at least one episode of mania in his lifetime while also having depressive episodes. The symptoms of mania can include severe psychotic episodes, such as delusions or hallucinations, which are also associated with schizophrenia.
b) Bipolar II in which a person would generally experience episodes of depression while only having mild experiences of mania known as hypomania.Hypomania literally means “below mania” in Greek. Many symptoms of hypomania are similar to symptoms of mania, but they are less intense. They can include a reduced need for sleep, or being extremely competitive or outgoing.
c) Cyclothymiac also known as cyclothymia, is a mild form of bipolar disorder. It consists of cyclical mood swings. People with cyclothymia experience recurrent episodes of hypomania and dysthymia.
The causes of bipolar disorder aren’t completely understood, but it often appears to be genetically. The first manic or depressive episode of bipolar usually occurs in early adulthood. The emotional changes from bipolar disorder can be severe and disabling. They can cause major disruptions in a person’s life and the lives of the people around them, such as their family and friends.
The symptoms can be subtle and confusing; many people with bipolar disorder are overlooked or misdiagnosed. But with proper treatment and support, you can lead a rich and fulfilling life.