Crisis intervention is the effective methods used to present instant, immediate, short-term help to individuals who practice an event that creates psychological, emotional, biological, and behavioral distress or problems. A crisis can refer to any condition in which the people recognize a sudden loss of his or her capacity to use efficient analytical problem solving and coping skills. A number of proceedings or circumstances can be measured as a crisis: critical situations or life threatening situations, such as natural disasters (for example: earthquake or tornado), sexual assault or mugging or other criminal oppression; medical or mental illness; thoughts of homicide or suicide; and loss or radical changes in relationships (for example: death of a loved one or divorce) and chronic substance abuse.
Crisis intervention has numerous reasons. It aspires to diminish the intensity of an individual’s, physical, emotional, mental and behavioral responses to a crisis. Another function is to help individuals come back to their level of performance before the crisis. Functioning may be enhanced furthermore by developing new coping skills and eradicating unproductive ways of coping, such as substance abuse, isolation, and withdrawal. The individual is more likely prepared to cope with future complicatedness. Through talking and sharing about what happened and the feelings about what took place, while producing the ways to manage and solve problems, crisis intervention plans to assist the individual in recuperating from the crisis and to prevent serious long-term problems from occurring. Individuals are more encouraged to receive help during crises. A person might have gone through the crisis within the previous 24 hours or within a week before looking for help. Crisis intervention is carried out in a supportive way. The length of time for crisis intervention may vary from one session to several days, with the average being four weeks.
Therapy for crisis aims to get involved as soon as possible after the arrival of the crisis in order to facilitate the individual to conquer it, reduce the usage of inefficient coping strategies and shun complete mental breakdown. It is a temporary intervention, which may involve thorough involvement of the therapist with the patient, and at times also members of their family.
- Crisis Management will relay on the rigorousness and cause of the crisis, as well as the individual situation of the patient.
- Many comparatively trivial crises can be handled by providing friendly support in basic care, without referring to professionals.
- More harsh crises will require referral to counselors or professional teams.
- Crisis therapy comprises of immediate behavioral/cognitive therapyand counseling. Participation of family is very important.
- Therapy should be somewhat intense over a small period of time and cease before dependence on the counselor or therapist develops.
- The risk of suicide and self harm must be evaluated first before any further action.
The purpose of crisis intervention are to:
- Minimize distress.
- Provide assistance to solve problems.
- Avoid ineffective coping tactics – e.g., self harm.
- To develop problem-solving strategies.